Chail Wildlife Sanctuary – Shimla

Himachal Pradesh is believed to be the place for honeymooner, couples, nature lovers and adventure tour and it’s true. But it is also famous for wildlife sanctuaries which are one of the major attractions in Himachal Pradesh. These sanctuaries attract nature lovers from across the country which contains various species of animals and birds in their natural habitat.

Image

Chail Sanctuary is located at Chail in Shimla which forms the golden triangle with Shimla and Kufri of Himachal Pradesh. It is about 63 km from Shimla and is one of the well maintained wildlife sanctuaries and houses having rich collection of flora and fauna. Some of the most seen animal species are European red deer, wild boar, goral, spotted deer, sambar, common langur, Himalayan black bear, flying squirrel, Indian porcupine etc.

Image

With the animals this park is also home to various birds. Chir pheasant and Khalij pheasant are most popular birds seen in this sanctuary. It also includes golden eagle and grey headed flycatcher flying in the sky. Large number of pine trees are also founds here.

Image

Apart from this wildlife, this park can also allow in adventurous and leisurely activities such as trekking, angling and bird watching. Out of these angling is a popular activity undertaken in Gaura River. Many trekking trails pass through this sanctuary. Kandaghat-Chail, Chail-Shimla via Junga, Chail Rajgarh etc are most popular trails that passes from this park. This park also contain breeding centre situated in blossom and Jhajiha is a popular place to visit by tourists in this sanctuary.

Image

This park is spread in an area of 110 square km. Chail wildlife sanctuary was identified in 1976 and was declared as a protected area under government consideration. In 1988 Chir Pleasant breeding and rehabilitation program has been launched.

Image

As per history Chail wildlife sanctuary once served as the hunting ground of Maharaja of Patiala Bhupinder Singh. He was founded in this hill station after banished from entering Shimla following his elopement with daughter of Lord Kitchener of British Indian Army Commander.

Image

Chail wildlife sanctuary is opened through the year but the best time to visit at this place is from March to October.  According to people, this sanctuary having the record of visiting large number of honeymooners and explore them to natural beauty. This forest covers more than 10 k hectares of land with thickly covered Oak forest, Deodar tree, Solang Valley in Himachal Pradesh.

Image

Such a wild beauty of Shimla attracts lot number of tourists and animal lovers here, and so increases the demand for best ‘3 Star Hotels in Shimla’.

Advertisements

Tiger Safari At Kaziranga National Park In India

Kaziranga is a title of a remarkable success story of conservation of the Horned India Rhinoceros and other wild lives in the North East India. It is not only the homeland of the Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros, but also provides shelter to a variety of wild lives, and contributes largely to the ‘Tiger Safari In India’.

Image

Kaziranga Ntional Park is an esteemed national park of India. This protected area of Assam has no dearth of distinct flora and fauna. Due to which in 1985 it has been designated as one of the famous natural world heritage site. This park is situated in Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam and is established in 1905 as a reserve forest. Since then it has achieved a notable success in wildlife conservation.

Image

The Kaziranga national park area consists of 429.93 square km. total area of the park within Nagaon district is 175 square km out of which 135 square km falls under Bagori Forest Range office and 40 square km falls within Ghorakati Forest Range office.

Image

Located on the banks of the Brahmaputra River in the far North East of India, this park covers approximately 430 square km area. Long elephant grasslands, marshlands, and dense tropical moist broad leaf forest creates an ideal ambiance for the survival of the wildlife.

Image

As the park holds two third of one horned Rhinoceros population in the world i. e. home to 2048 Rhinos and 116 tigers making it highest tiger density area in the world, UNESCO declared in the world heritage site. Other major wild attractions include a large  population of elephants, bison, swamp deer or barasingha, hog deer, sloth bears, leopard cats, jungle cats, otters, hog badgers, capped langurs, hoolock gibbons, wild boar, jackal, wild buffalo, pythons, monitor lizards etc.

Image

Kaziranga Park is a birding paradise which includes oriental honey buzzard, black shouldered kite, black kite, brahminy kite, pallas’s fishing eagle, white tailed eagle, grey headed fishing eagle, Himalayan griffon etc. it also includes huge number of migrated birds which are graylag geese, bar headed geese, ruddy shelduck, gadwall, falcated duck, red crested pochard and northern shoveller.

Image

Best time to visit Kaziranga National Park is from mid-November to early April months.

Image

Tiger Safari In India At Kanha National Park

India’s many national parks are home to over half of the world’s tiger. Kanha National Park is one of home for Indian tigers. Kanha has more balanced fauna and flora along with the tiger population at hand. Kanha National Park is a reserve in Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh, India. In 1930s Kanha area was divided into two sanctuaries, Hallon and Banjar, of 250 and 300 square km.

Image

Kanha Park was created on 1st June 1955, and today it stretches over an area of 940 square km in the two districts. Together with a surrounding buffer zone of 1,067 square km and the neighboring 110 square km Phen Sanctuary, it forms the Kanha Tiger Reserve. Kanha Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh forest department is retrieved in 14th April 2010. This makes it the largest National Park in Central India.

Image

Kanha Wildlife Attraction

The main wildlife attractions in the park are tiger, bison, gaur, sambhar, chital, barasingha, barking deer, black deer, black buck, chousingha, nilgai, mouse deer, sloth bear, jackal fox, porcupine, hyena, jungle cat, python, pea fowl, hare, monkey, mongoose, tiger and leopard.

Image

The birds species in the park includes storks, teals, pintails, pond herons, egrets, peacock, pea fowl, jungle fowl, spur fowl, partridges, quails, ring doves, spottedparakeets, green pigeons, rock pigeons, cuckoos, papihas, rollers, bee-eater, hoopoes, drongos, warblers, kingfishera, woodpeckers, finches, orioles, owls and fly catchers.

Image

Kanha Tiger Reserve abounds in meadows or maidans which are basically open grasslands that have sprung up in fields of abandoned villeges, evacuated to make way for the animals. One of the animal species that represent Kanha is Barasingha. Dense forested zone with good crown cover has abundant species of climbers, shrubs and herbs flourishing in the understory.

Image

The open meadows during the cold winter months are usually teeming with barasinghas and there is plenty of tiger activity around the fringes. A female with two small cubs would circle around at least two or three times during the day and the swamp deer would go berserk, their husky alarm calls ringing through the jungle. There is a museum at Kanha depicting attributes and activities of the park and tribal culture. It is closed every Wednesday. Such a beautiful national park largely helps in enjoying ‘Tiger Safari In India’.

Image

The lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows and ravines of Kanha provided inspiration to Rudyard Kipling for his famous novel “Jungle Book”.

Image

Tiger Reserves of India

India holds more than half of the world’s tiger population. As per latest tiger census report released, the current estimated population of Tigers is 1,706. The results of this census include figures from 17 Indian states with a tiger population. In 2008 tiger population was 1,411. Tiger census 2008 report had classified tiger forests in India into 6 landscape complexes which include:

Image

1)      Shivalik- Gangetic Plains

In this landscape, it was reported that the tiger occupies 5080 square km of forested habitats with tiger population size of 297 in six separate populations.

Image

2)      Central Indian Landscape complex

In this landscape, tiger occupies 47122 square km of forested habitats with tiger population of 451 distributed in 17 populations.

Image

3)      Eastern Ghats

In this landscape, tiger occupies 7,772 square km of forested habitats with tiger population was 53.

Image

4)      Western Ghats

In this landscape, tiger occupies 21,435 square km of forested habitats which is 21% of the forested area with tiger population was 366.

Image

5)      North – Eastern Hills and Bhramaputra Plains

In this landscape, tiger occupies 4230 square km of forested habitats.

Image

6)      Sunderbans

In this landscape, tiger occupies 1330 square km of forested habitats with tiger population was 40.

Image

All these landscapes are covered in best ‘Tiger Safari In India’. The strategy for tiger conservation in India revolves around the National Tiger Conservation Authority and Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. In the mid of 1970’s and 1980’s, 66 national parks and 421 wildlife sanctuaries were set aside. They were increased later to 102 national parks, 515 wildlife sanctuaries and 44 conservation reserves and 4 community reserves. This resulted in increase in tiger population.

Image

Now days tiger occurs in 17 states in India, with 7 states reported having populations in excess of 100 tigers. Indian’s national animal is tiger which is a symbol that is an intrinsic part of our culture. One of the earliest portrayals of the tiger in India is found in the Harappan seals from the Indus valley culture, dating back to 2500 BC which depict an intricate association between people and tigers. Human welfare and economic development in India depends on the same clean water, clean air, natural flood controls and other forest resources that tiger need. India is one of the thirteen tiger range countries and has the largest number of source sites with wild tigers. Indian government has always made tiger protection a priority and Project Tiger.