The Importance Of Indian Railway In Transportation


About Indian Railway:

Railways and Roadways are the only means of transportation over land. Railways have an advantage over roadways that, they can carry a large number of passengers as well as heavy loads to a long distances. Also the journey by train is more comfortable and economical. India has a large network of railways throughout the country, and have trains from one corner to other corner of India. In India, the total length of railway tracks is about 63000 km, with 7800 trains carrying 11 million passengers to there destinations every day. The Indian Railway Network is the largest in Asia and second largest in world. Indian trains also transport about 6 lac tonnes of goods from one place to other every day.



The first train in India has been ran in 1853, between Bombay and Thane district, at a distance of 34 km. After that within 150 years we get a largest network of railways in Asia. It also provides a huge employment to around 17 lac people.

For the convenience of administration the Indian Railways have been divides into nine zones viz Northern, Western, Eastern, Central, Southern, South-Eastern, North Eastern, North-East Frontier and South-Central railways. All these have three types of tracks like:

  • Broad Gauge
  • Meter Gauge and
  • Narrow Gauge

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Most of the railway tracks are of broad gauge, whose tracks are 1.69 metre wide. In desert areas and other difficult areas, broad gauge tracks are difficult to be laid, so at that places metre gauge tracks are laid. They are one metre wide, that’s why these tracks are known as metre gauge. Narrow gauge tracks are 77 cm wide, which are laid in hilly and mountainous areas like Kalka, Darjeeling, Siliguri, and Mettupalayam.


Passenger trains are again categorised into four types, as per the speed of trains. Its types are: Super fast trains, Mail trains, Express trains and Ordinary passenger trains. Most of the people likes fast travelling, therefore some fast moving trains are introduced, which ran at a speed of 100 to 150 km/hour. Shatabdi express, Rajdhani are some example of super fast trains. Few big cities like Delhi, Mumbai have local trains. In Kolkata local trains are the underground railways known as Metro Railways.


As Delhi serves a national capital of India, it requires a tremendous railway transportation, with best facilities. There are total 5 main railway stations at Delhi, and all of them are providing good facilities both for passengers and goods transportation. Due to all these features both domestic and international passengers are desiring for best and comfortable Hotels In Delhi Near Railway Station for staying.